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The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, is a species of requiem shark and the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. Commonly known as sea tigers, tiger sharks are relatively large macropredators, capable of attaining a length of over 5 m (16 ft). It is found in many tropical and temperate waters, and is especially common around central Pacific islands. Its name derives from the dark stripes down its body, which resemble a tiger's pattern and fade as the shark matures.

The tiger shark is a solitary, mostly night-time hunter. Its diet involves a wide range of prey, including crustaceans, fish, seals, birds, smaller sharks, squid, turtles, sea snakes, and dolphins. The tiger shark is considered a near threatened species due to finning and fishing by humans.

While the tiger shark is considered to be one of the sharks most dangerous to humans, the attack rate is surprisingly low according to researchers. The tiger is second on the list of number of recorded attacks on humans, with the great white shark being first. They often visit shallow reefs, harbours and canals, creating the potential for encounter with humans.

Tiger Shark
Tigershark3
Tiger Shark swimming in the Bahamas.

Range

Throughout the worlds oceans but mostly found in the southern hemisphere.

Size

Weight: 385–635kgs (849–1,400lbs)

Length: 3-4.2 m (9.8-13.8 ft)

Diet

Anything it can catch has even been known to eat human rubbish like car tires and beer cans.

Weapons and Traits

Is the second largest predatory shark in the world, has sharp teeth, is very agressive.

Battle Status

On hold will compete against the Nile Crocodile. Victorious over Giant Octopus

The tiger shark is often found close to the coast, mainly in tropical and sub-tropical waters throughout the world.Along with the great white shark, Pacific sleeper shark, Greenland shark and sixgill shark, tiger sharks are among the largest extant sharks. Its behavior is primarily nomadic, but is guided by warmer currents, and it stays closer to the equator throughout the colder months. It tends to stay in deep waters that line reefs, but it does move into channels to pursue prey in shallower waters. In the western Pacific Ocean, the shark has been found as far north as Japan and as far south as New Zealand.

A number of tiger sharks can be seen at Gulf of Mexico, North American beaches and parts of South America. It is also commonly known in the Carribean Sea. Other location where tiger sharks are seen include Africa, People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, India, Australia, New Zealand and Eastern Europe.

Certain tiger sharks have been recorded at depths just shy of 900 metres (3,000 ft) but some sources claim they move into shallow water—water that is normally thought to be too shallow for a species of its size.A recent study showed that the average tiger shark would be recorded at 350 metres (1,100 ft), making it uncommon to see tiger sharks in shallow water. However, tiger sharks in Hawaii have been observed in depths as shallow as 10ft, and regularly observed in coastal waters at depths of 20 to 40 ft. They often visit shallow reefs, harbours and canals, creating the potential for encounters with humans.

The tiger shark is known as tababa in Kiribati and Tuvaluan. Tiger sharks have been observed in feeding behaviour in the tidal passages between the lagoon and ocean in Tarawa, Kiribati. Spring tides bring in plankton or animalcule; which attract small soft-shell crabs; which attract sardines; which attract the grey mullet; which attract the blue backed trevally (rereba); which attract the tiger shark (tababa).

The tiger shark is an apex predator,[14] and has a reputation for eating anything.It also possesses the capability to take on large prey. It commonly preys upon: fish (teleosts), crustaceans, mollusks, dugongs, seabirds, seasnakes,[15] marine mammals (e.g. bottlenose dolphins, spotted dolphins), and sea turtles (e.g. green and loggerhead turtles). The broad, heavily calcified jaws and nearly terminal mouth, combined with robust, serrated teeth, enable the tiger shark to take on these large prey. In addition, excellent eyesight and acute sense of smell enable it to react to faint traces of blood and follow them to the source. Due to high risk of predatory attacks, dolphins often avoid regions inhabited by tiger sharks.The tiger shark also eats other sharks (such as sandbar sharks) and will even eat conspecifics.

Tiger sharks may also attack injured or ailing whales and prey upon them. A group was documented attacking and killing an ailing humpback whale, in 2006, near Hawaii. The tiger shark also scavenges on dead whales. In one such documented incident, they were observed scavenging on a whale carcass alongside great white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias.

The ability to pick up low-frequency pressure waves enables the shark to advance towards an animal with confidence, even in murky water. The shark circles its prey and studies it by prodding it with its snout.When attacking, the shark often eats its prey whole. Because of its aggressive feeding, it often mistakenly eats inedible objects, such as automobile license plates, oil cans, tires, and baseballs. For this reason, the tiger shark is often regarded as the ocean's "garbage can".

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